over the equatorial regions of the planet where rainforest
occurs, the forest tends to have a similar physical
structure and appearance. Of course, on closer inspection,
numerous differences exist among rainforests both
within and among various geographical areas.
is located in the central western region of South
America, with a territory of 1.285 million km2. Peru
has three distinct geographic regions: coast, mountains,
is home of 3000 orchid species. The
greatest diversity of species is found in the High
Amazon Jungle located between 500 and 3,600 m.a.s.l.
Orchid flowers are among the most beautiful in the
plant world. Orchids are a global family (Orchidaceaé)
abundantly represented among Neotropical epiphytes.
In Peru, approximately 90% of the orchid species are
epiphytes, while the rest are terrestrial. The prefix
epi implies, epiphytes (air plants) live on other
plants. They are not internally parasitic, but they
do claim space on a branch where they set out roots,
trap soil and dust particles, and photosynthesize
as canopy residents.
is accomplished by insects, some quite specific for
certain orchid species. Bees are primary pollinators
of Neotropical orchids. These include long-distance
fliers. Some orchid blossoms apparently mimic insects,
facilitating visitation by insects intending (mistakenly)
to copulate with the blossom
flowers are among the most beautiful in the plant
world. Some, like the familiar Cattleya, are large,
while others are delicate and tiny.